IELTS writing Business – Business , Management, Small Businesses , Family businesses , International businesses , Management , Leadership, Difference between the two


A business (also known as an enterprise, a company or a firm) is an organizational entity involved in the provision of goods and services to consumers.



International business:


International business comprises all commercial transactions (private and governmental, sales, investments, logistics, and transportation) that take place between two or more regions, countries and nations beyond their political boundaries. Usually, private companies undertake transactions for profit; governments undertake them for profit and for political reasons.


Transactions of economic resources include capital, skills, people etc. for the purpose of the international production of physical goods and services such as finance, banking, insurance, construction etc.


A multinational enterprise (MNE) is a company that has a worldwide approach to markets and production or with operations in several countries. Well-known MNEs include fast-food companies such as McDonald’s and Yum Brands, vehicle manufacturers such as General Motors, Ford Motor Company and Toyota, consumer-electronics producers like Samsung, LG and Sony, and energy companies such as ExxonMobil, Shell and BP. As shown, multinational enterprises can make business in different types of market.


A family business is a commercial organization in which decision-making is influenced by multiple generations of a family—related by blood or marriage. They are closely identified with the firm through leadership or ownership.


Small Business:


Small businesses are privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation. Businesses are defined as “small” in terms of being able to apply for government support and qualify for preferential tax policy varies depending on the country and industry.


Small businesses range from fifteen employees under the Australian Fair Work Act 2009, fifty employees according to the definition used by the European Union, and fewer than five hundred employees, to qualify for many U.S. Small Business Administration programs.


While small businesses can also be classified according to other methods, such as annual revenues, shipments, sales, assets, or by annual gross or net revenue or net profits, the number of employees is one of the most widely used measures.



Family business is the oldest and most common model of economic organization. The vast majority of businesses throughout the world—from corner shops to multinational publicly listed organizations with hundreds of thousands of employees—can be considered family businesses.


The economic prevalence and importance of this kind of business are often underestimated. Throughout most of the 20th century, academics and economists were intrigued by a newer, “improved” model: large publicly traded companies run in an apparently rational, bureaucratic manner by well trained “organization men.”

Entrepreneurial and family firms, with their specific management models and complicated psychological processes, often fell short by comparison.


The interests of a family member may not be aligned with the interest of the business. For example, if a family member wants to be president but is not as competent as a non-family member, the personal interest of the family member and the well-being of the business may be in conflict.


Owner-manager entrepreneurial firms are not considered to be family businesses because they lack the multi-generational dimension and family influence that create the unique dynamics and relationships of family businesses.



The efficient and effective operation of a business, and study of this subject, is called management.


The main difference between leaders and managers is that leaders have people who follow them while managers have people who work for them.


Is a good manager automatically a good leader? What is the difference between leadership and management?


A successful business owner needs to be both a strong leader and manager to get their team on board to follow them towards their vision of success. Leadership is about getting people to understand and believe in your vision. While managing is more about administering and making sure the day-to-day things are happening as they should.


Some of the best Leaders may not be good managers. They may not have interest in detailed processes and perseverance required to execute a vision.

Leaders are generally visionary and they impress people with their traits. Traits could be exemplary lifestyle, sharp intellect etc.

Managers must deliver on the vision.

If one has bother leadership and management qualities, one is likely to go far.Social skills are a key requirement of both a good leader and a manager.Without social skills, one would eventually annoy one’s followers and team members.Conflicted relationship is the most common reason for failure of delivery.

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